英国大学新生不可不知的五个俚语,首先从“Fresher”说起,这个词是从美国传来的,意思是大一新生,同时也指那些很傻很天真、没有经验的人。如果你犯了一个很“业余” (amateur) 的错误,那么别人就会嘲笑你说:“What a Fresher!”,意思是“真是个新手!”
Let’s start with the word Fresher. Stolenfrom the US, it means someone in their first year at university. But it alsomeans someone who is inexperienced and nave. People will often laugh atsomeone who’s made an “amateur” mistake saying “What a Fresher!”
Here we list the key words that anyoneheading off to the UK should learn.
1. Prelash 预热
The cost of drinking alcohol outside homebeing so high many students will choose to drink at home before going out, andthis group activity has earned the name ‘prelash’, with lash referring to theactually being out at night. Often drinking games will be played during theprelash such as truth or dare or golf ball (in this game golf balls will goaround the table. If someone puts a golf ball in your cup without you seeingthem do it, the other person concocts a drink for you and you have to down it.This can be quite disgusting.).
2. Banter 笑话
这个单词和英语本身一样古老。如今它又被英国学生赋予了新的特殊意义,在英国大学中非常流行。Banter指的是朋友之间诙谐逗趣的话,但更重要的是有一定的竞争性——大家会互相比试谁的banter最有趣。他们有时候也会用banter这个词玩文字游戏,比如大家都想上banterbus——banterbus是banter和bus的组合,意思是这个笑话像一班公交车一样,每个人都不想错过,如果有人说了个很冷的笑话,那么你可以说:“Someone missed the banter bus this evening…”(某人没抓住笑点)。还有bantastic是banter和fantastic的组合,形容超棒的笑话。
A word that is as old as the English Language, ‘banter’ has begun to take on a special meaning and importance forU.K university students. It now refers to joke conversations between friends,but with an element of competition as everyone strives to have the best‘banter’, is to be the most funny and jokey. Funny wordplay on the word‘banter’ itself also exists such as ‘Banterbus’ which everyone ought to want to“get on” (If someone says a bad joke, you could say “Someone missed the banterbus this evening…”) and ‘bantastic’ (an adjective meaning fantastic banter).
3. Have a mad one 昨晚玩疯了
Have a mad one might seem like adesperately insensitive way of talking about a mental breakdown, but it is infact something you must constantly pretend you have had the night before.Having a mad one means enjoying a thoroughly fantastic evening, while at thesame time implying something out of the ordinary happened.
4. Sick 超棒
This adjective in a bizarre etymologicaltwist of events has come to mean something that is very good, and is utteredmost often as an expression of approval for something. This can often causeconfusion, especially when used with older generations:
Mum: How was it last night?
Mum: Serves you right! Maybe you shouldn’thave drunk so much…
5. Safe 不错
‘Safe’ has come to mean ‘ok’ or‘cool’ as a kind of laid back way of expressing consent for something. Againeasy to see how this can lead to confusion: ‘So how was the party last night?’‘Safe.’